Forensic Science


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Course Title: College Preparatory Forensic Science

Course Number: 2552

Prerequisites: *Sophomores must be simultaneously enrolled in Honors Biology.  Juniors and Seniors must have successfully completed Honors or College Preparatory Biology AND have had successfully completed or is simultaneously enrolled in Honors or College Preparatory Chemistry.

 Credit: 1 Science Credit, 1 Semester

Open To: Juniors and Seniors(*Sophomores with advanced Forensic Science Teacher Approval)

Description:  Course is designed for students interested in careers in criminology, law, and/or Biotechnology with and emphasis on the biological sciences and the application of science and technology to the field of criminalistics. Students must have a strong interest and background in science and have had success in their previous courses in Earth Science, Biology, and Chemistry.

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Forensic Science Course Outline

Observation Skill

  • What Is Observation?
  • Observations by Witnesses
  • Observations in Forensics

Crime-Scene Investigation and Evidence Collection

  •  Principle of Exchange
  • Types of Evidence
  • The Crime-Scene Investigation Team
  • The Seven S’s of Crime-Scene Investigation
  • Analyze the Evidence
  • Crime-Scene Reconstruction
  • Staged Crime Scenes

The Study of Hair

  • History of Hair Analysis
  • The Function of Hair
  • The Structure of Hair

A Study of Fibers and Textiles

  • How Forensic Scientists Use Fibers
  • Sampling and Testing
  • Fiber and Textile Evidence

Pollen and Spore Examination

  • Pollen Producers
  • Spore Producers
  • Pollen and Spore Identification in Solving Crimes


  • Historical Development
  • What are Fingerprints?

DNA Fingerprinting

  • History of Biological Evidence in Forensics
  • The Function and Structure
  • DNA Identification
  • Sources of DNA
  • Collection and Preservation of DNA
  • Evidence
  • DNA and Probes
  • Analysis of DNA Fingerprints

Blood and Blood Spatter

  • Blood History
  • Composition of Blood
  • Blood Spatter
  • Crime-Scene Investigation of Blood

Drug Identification and Toxicology       

  • Brief History of Drug Identification
  • Toxicology

Handwriting Analysis, Forgery, and Counterfeiting

  • History of Forensic Handwriting Analysis
  • Introduction to Handwriting
  • Handwriting Examination
  • Counterfeiting

Death: Meaning, Manner, Mechanism, Cause, and Time

  • The Manner of Death
  • Cause and Mechanism of Death
  • Time of Death

Soil Examination

  • History of Forensic Soil Examination
  • Soil Composition
  • Sand
  • Soil Collection
  • Soil Examination

Forensic Anthropology: What We Learn From Bones

  • Historical Development
  • Characteristics of Bone
  • What Bones Can Tell Us
  • Skeletal trauma Analysis

Glass Evidence

  • The History of Glass
  • What Is Glass?
  • Types of Glass
  • Properties of Glass
  • Application of Refractive Index to Forensics

Casts and Impressions

  • Shoe Impressions
  • Tire Treads and Impressions
  • Dental Impressions

Tool Marks  

  • Tools and Crime Scenes
  • Tool Mark Impressions
  • Tool Surface Characteristics
  • Tool Mark Examination
  • Analyzing Tool Mark Evidence


  • History of Gunpowder and Firearms
  • Long Guns and Handguns
  • Firearms and Rifling
  • Bullets, Cartridges, and Calibers
  • The Study of Bullets and Cartridge Castings
  • Gunshot Residues
  • Databases
  • Trajectory
  • Bullet Wounds